Now showing items 1-10 of 105
Genital tract inflammation during early HIV-infection predicts higher plasma viral load set point in women.
(Oxford University Press., 2011)
Background. The biggest challenge in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) prevention in Africa is the high HIV-1 burden in young women. In macaques, proinflammatory cytokine production in the genital tract is necessary ...
CAPRISA 004 tenofovir microbicide trial: no impact of tenofovir gel on the HIV transmission bottleneck.
(Oxford University Press., 2011)
Alterations of the genital mucosal barrier may influence the number of viruses transmitted from a human immunodeficiency virus–infected source host to the newly infected individual. We used heteroduplex tracking assay and ...
HIV incidence in young girls in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa - public health imperative for their inclusion in HIV biomedical intervention trials.
(Springer U.S., 2012)
Young women are particularly vulnerable for acquiring HIV yet they are often excluded from clinical trials testing new biomedical intervention. We assessed the HIV incidence and feasibility of enrolling a cohort of young ...
HIV prevalence among high school learners - opportunities for schools-based HIV testing programmes and sexual reproductive health services.
(BioMed Central., 2011)
Background: Young girls in sub Saharan Africa are reported to have higher rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection compared to boys in the same age group. Knowledge of HIV status amongst high schools learners ...
A review of progress on HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis.
As a United Nations member state, South Africa is signatory to the Millennium Declaration and is committed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and targets for 2015. This chapter provides an overview ...
Implementing microbicides in low-income countries.
The magnitude of the global human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic is determined by women from lower income countries, specifically sub-Saharan Africa. Microbicides offer women who are unable to negotiate safe sex ...
Changes in natural killer cell activation and function during primary HIV-1 infection.
Background. Recent reports suggest that Natural Killer (NK) cells may modulate pathogenesis of primary HIV-1 infection. However, HIV dysregulates NK-cell responses. We dissected this bi-directional relationship to understand ...
Antiretroviral prophylaxis for HIV prevention reaches a key milestone.
No abstract available.
Ratio of monocytes to lymphocytes in peripheral blood identifies adults at risk of incident tuberculosis among HIV-infected adults initiating antiretroviral therapy.
(Oxford University Press., 2013-12-03)
Background. Eight decades ago, the ratio of monocytes to lymphocytes (hereafter, the “ML ratio”) was noted to affect outcomes of mycobacterial infection in rabbits. Recent transcriptomic studies support a role for relative ...
Women with pregnancies had lower adherence to 1% Tenofovir vaginal gel as HIV preexposure prophylaxis in CAPRISA 004, a phase IIB randomized-controlled trial.
Background: Antiretroviral prophylaxis may be a critical strategy to reduce periconception HIV transmission. Maximizing the benefit of periconception pharmacologic HIV risk-reduction requires an understanding of the links ...