Now showing items 1-10 of 22
HIV and the metabolic syndrome.
Abstract not available.
Profile of mortality amongst women with gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in relation to HIV non-infected women.
OBJECTIVES: To determine if women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection with severe degrees of immunosuppression are more predisposed to mortality from Gestational Trophoblastic Disease compared with HIV-infected ...
Human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in African children : natural history from birth to early childhood.
Background: in 1987, the first child with HIV-1 infection was identified in the paediatric wards at King Edward VIII Hospital in Durban. This made paediatricians aware that the epidemic had spread to the children of ...
The impact of pneumonia in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infected pregnant women on perinatal and early infant mortality.
Background: Although the prevalence of pneumonia in pregnancy is reported to be less than 1%, the pregnant state and risk factors associated with the development of pneumonia adversely influence the outcome of pregnancy. ...
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors-associated mutations in the RNase H region of HIV-1 isolates in South African adults and children failing highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Background: The South African national treatment program includes NRTIs in both first and second line highly active antiretroviral therapy regimens. Recently, mutations in the RNase H domain have been associated with ...
Effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on HIV-1 tat protein-induced neurotoxicity.
Background: HIV-1-trans-activating (Tat) protein has been associated with development of HIVassociated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). Previous studies have demonstrated that Tat protein causes neurotoxicity through an ...
The interaction between human leucocyte antigen-G and natural killer cells at the placental interface in HIV-1 infected pregnant women and the significance, if any, to in utero transmission.
This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between Natural Killer cells and HLA-G at the placental barrier in HIV-I infected pregnant women and to establish the significance, if any, to in utero infection. ...
The scope and spectrum of challenges presented to the general surgeon by patients affected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) : a review.
Background: Surgical disease related to HIV is scantily documented with a paucity of data detailing the manifestations of HIV in surgery especially in resource-poor, high prevalence settings such as in South Africa. This ...
The influence of helminths on immune responses to HIV.
In South Africa, co-infection with HIV and intestinal parasites is a major challenge in disadvantaged communities who live in densely populated under-serviced urban informal settlements. This pilot cross sectional study ...
The association of early neonatal feeding on clinical outcomes and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in HIV exposed low birth weight infants.
BACKGROUND Sub-saharan Africa remains to date at the forefront of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite breastfeeding being a significant mode of postnatal HIV transmission it remains the main nutritional source and pillar of ...