Lipid peroxidation and ageing in seeds of Glycine Max.
Hailstones, Milson Donald.
MetadataShow full item record
Six different lots of soya beans (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) were examined. Seed hydroperoxide levels were highly correlated with viability, but not with moisture contents. It was proposed that moisture contents may exert a similar antioxidant effect at intermediate levels as has been observed in dry foods. Seeds treated with ferrous sulphate were significantly (S% level) invigorated. Furthermore, this treatment was observed to give rise to a reduction in the peroxide value of soya bean axes over the first hour of imbibition, an increase in 2,3,S-triphenyl-tetrazolium chloride reduction and protein synthesis, and a decline in electrolyte leakage. It was proposed that this was due to the antioxidant activity of the ferrous iron, leading to an attenuation of free-radical induced autoxidation. Ferrous sulphate treated seeds produced more aldehydes than untreated seeds. This result suggested that aldehydes may not be responsible for declining seed vigour. Hexanal, pentanal and butanal production from heated dry seeds was significantly correlated with seed germination, CVG and hydroperoxide levels. The thermal breakdown of the hydroperoxides was postulated to be the source of these compounds. A GC technique was developed using model systems of oxidized methyl oleate, linoleate, linolenate and soya bean bulk oil. The analysis of seed lipid oxidation products revealed marked differences in the proportions of the products compared to bulk and monolayer oxidation. The selective production of the 13-hydroperoxide implicated enzymatic or metalloprotein involvement. The implications of the results of this study with regard to the present theories of seed ageing were discussed.