Comparative analysis of the effects of two curricular approaches to the development of clinical reasoning abilities in nursing students following comprehensive basic nursing programmes.
Mfidi, Faniswa Honest.
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A comparative analysis was undertaken using descriptive survey and cross-sectional design to explore the effects of two curricular approaches ( Problem-based learning and traditional) used in Comprehensive basic nursing programme on the development of, clinical reasoning abilities of nursing students was undertaken, Triple Jump Exercise as the data collection instrument was used to evaluate students' abilities, in clinical reasoning, Using quota sampling technique, a convenience sample of 87 subjects was selected from two nursing institutions using these two approaches, These were student nurses in their 1st, 2nd and 4th year levels of study, Using individual interviews, subjects were required to think aloud and verbalize their clinical reasoning after being presented with a clinical scenario, Subjects' verbalizations were quantified, based on the criteria specified in the evaluation form of the data collecting instrument, and total scores were obtained, Analysis using computer software package (SAS) was done to provide for descriptive and statistical summarisation, Though descriptive analysis through mean scores of clinical reasoning showed slight differences resulting from the curricular approaches used. this was not confirmed statistically as the two factor ANOVA and Tukey's method revealed no significant differences by approaches nor their interaction with level of study, Only levels of study had significant differences at p=O,OOO I, with senior levels outperforming their juniors, These findings therefore conclude that PBL and the traditional approach perfonn on a similar level in clinical reasoning. Nurse educators are therefore challenged to identify effective strategies to enhance and nurture clinical reasoning, One strategy, which this study recommends, is the use of case-based approaches in CBNP.