Reconciling Land Restitution and Conservation: Challenges Facing the Implementation of Land Restitution in the Dukuduku Forest, KwaZulu-Natal.
In order to have a fuller understanding of the policy implementation challenges facing land restitution in conservation areas, this research identifies and analyses the perspectives in the literature on policy implementation. The study explains how the land restitution programme emerged as a policy solution to the legacy of a deep historical racial divide regarding land ownership in South. Africa. However, it explores the implication of this on the conservation of the environment. The study shows that reconciling land restitution on conservation areas is a complex process, owing, partially to two different and conflicting policies namely the, Restitution of Land Rights Act (Act 22 of 1994) and the National Forest Act (Act 84 of 1998). The researcher has explored the policy implementation challenges encountered in reconciling land restitution in the Dukuduku forest located within the Greater St Lucia Wetland Park which has official World Heritage Site status situated in northern KwaZulu-Natal. The study should show how the ongoing conflict between Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism and the occupants of Dukuduku forest revolves around issues of land ownership pertaining Dukuduku forest, a forest which is one of the few indigenous forests left in South Africa. It concludes that policy implementation is a complex process, especially when two divergent policy objectives Restitution of Land Rights Act (Act 22 of 1994) and the National Forest Act (Act 84 of 1998) and are sought. A formulated conceptual framework for the study, public policy analysis and policy implementation models will be discussed to provide a clear perspective on policy implementation.