Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorKearney, Brian.
dc.contributor.authorGorny, Hanna Barbara.
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-20T06:10:42Z
dc.date.available2011-07-20T06:10:42Z
dc.date.created1988
dc.date.issued1988
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10413/3217
dc.descriptionThesis (M.Arch.)-University of Natal, Durban, 1988.en
dc.description.abstractThe object of this research is to investigate in detail the origin and growth of Natal Hospitals - their design and function. The 19th Century saw the birth of the Republic of Natalia, and with it the establishment of towns and villages where public institutions, including hospitals, were being founded paraliel with private dwellings. Twofold development of the colony by Voortrekkers and English settlers resulted in different cultural influences, which can be observed in the architecture of that time. Whereas public, commercial, religious, domestic and collegiate buildings in Natal were, in their own scaled-down fashion, comparable with their counterparts in the United Kingdom, matters of public hygiene, mental health and prison systems were seriously neglected. The importance of the problem was recognised only in the late 1850's. The change in thinking was caused by the radical improvements in European Hospitals which were considered to be: "....essentially creations of the era beginning in the mid-18th century (for before this date the accommodation was provided in ad hoc premises), and all possessed the common quality of demanding, that certain clearly defined functions be fulfilled. The new hospitals imposed an overriding demand for maximum ventilation. It was in buildings such as these, that modern functionalism best expressed itself, and as a result, the 19th century subjected to a considerable amount of architectural research." Natal Hospitals represent an interesting group of institutions. Their layouts and architectural styles originating in Europe, they were brought here by Dutch and English settlers. Though the study of the function and design of the hospitals included in this research is focused on a limited range of buildings, the general conclusions-are related to the overall situation in Natal. In addition the research is done only on some specific aspects, covering the most important issues regarding the quality of hospital services and general standard of design. In the complex environment of the Natal hospital, the influence of design upon function is very significant, although it is often believed that function has dictated the design.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectHospitals--KwaZulu-Natal.en
dc.subjectHospitals--KwaZulu-Natal--Designs and plans.en
dc.subjectTheses--Architecture.en
dc.titleHistoric hospitals in Natal.en
dc.typeThesisen


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record