The formulation of process variables for the elimination of defects in a semi-solid high pressure die cast component.
Reinhardt, Carl Jurgen.
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Semi-Solid Metal (SSM) forming has distinct advantages: strength, near net shape, thick and thin sections and a large scope of materials able to be cast. The aim of this project is to produce a near net shape component using SSM casting with A356 primary Semi Solid Aluminum feed stock from SAG. The selected Short Arm Component was identified as a suitable component for SSM forming, it is used as part of an insulated securing mechanism in overhead pylons, demands high strength and has relatively thick sections. A combination of full and short shot castings from the component and modular die were produced, on the real time shot controlled 62.5 ton high pressure die casting machine, at varying casting parameters of die temperature between 140-250°C, gate velocities of between 1.01-2.87ms_1 and a billet temperature of between 578-582°C. To understand fluid flow and locate possible defects, X-ray radiography and naked eye surface observations of the castings were used to locate possible defects and irregularities, which were cross sectioned and analysed using a Scanning Electron Microscope with an Energy Dispersion Spectroscopy module. It was apparent from the current project, as well as from literature, that increases in the die cross-sectional area reduce the shear surface area and increase the viscosity causing undesirable mould filling behaviour.