Profile of mortality amongst women with gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in relation to HIV non-infected women.
MetadataShow full item record
OBJECTIVES: To determine if women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection with severe degrees of immunosuppression are more predisposed to mortality from Gestational Trophoblastic Disease compared with HIV-infected women with less severe degrees of immunosuppression and Human Immunodefiency Virus (HIV) non-infected women. DESIGN: Retrospective review of case records. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed on all patients with Gestational Trophoblastic from 2003 to July 2007. A chart review was conducted and information captured on a data sheet. This retrospective audit was performed at the combined gynaecology oncology clinic of Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital. All information was kept confidential and was strictly for the purposes of the audit. STATISTICS: Factors associated with mortality were tested using Fisher's exact test. Odds ratios were reported as a measure of the strength of association. Breslow-Day's test for homogeneity in odds ratios was used to compare mortality in HIV-infected and HIV non-infected women. The analysis was done using Stata 9. i RESULTS: A total of 78 patients with Gestational Trophoblastic Disease were reviewed. There were 53 patients with invasive molar pregnancy and 25 patients with choriocarcinoma. The HIV sero-prevalence was 31%. There were 15 deaths (19%). There were 8 HIV-infected (33%o) and 7 HIV non-infected (13%) women who demised. Of the 8 patients with CD4 counts less than 200 cells/ uL, 7 patients demised. There were no mortalities amongst patients with CD4 counts more than 200 cells/uL. Of the 15 deaths, 5 HIV-infected patients and 5 HIV non-infected patients received chemotherapy. There were 5 patients admitted in very poor general condition precluding the administration of chemotherapy. Amongst the 10 patients who received chemotherapy and demised, the causes of death included widespread disease, multiorgan failure and toxicity due to chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: The overall survival of all patients managed with Gestational Trophoblastic Disease was 82% in keeping with the expected high survival reported elsewhere. The majority of patients who demised were admitted in poor general condition and had abnormal blood profiles. Despite resuscitation, these patients failed to improve precluding the administration of chemotherapy which is the mainstay of treatment. Although the numbers are small, there is clear evidence that if patients are HIV-infected with CD4 counts 200 cells/uL despite transient grade 2 myelotoxicity.