Investigating the role of community educational programs in bridging the gap between sanitation policy and practice of ecological sanitation in low-income peri-urban communities: a case study of Umbumbulu, eThekwini Municipality.
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Water scarcity has triggered the importance of reconnoitering alternative sanitation approaches to overcome the sanitation backlog in South Africa and meet target goals of access to adequate sanitation in line with the global Sustainable Development Goals. Remarkable technological innovations have been made in an attempt to meet sanitation backlogs in the design and implementation of alternative sanitation in South Africa. This dissertation focused on Urine Diversion (UD) toilets used mostly in peri-urban areas of eThekwini Municipality. The dissertation used a mixed method research approach to obtain in-depth understanding of human experiences and their behaviors in respect of UD toilets. Data analysis from data collected was used to highlight the importance of education in promoting the correct use of UD toilets and other post-implementation issues that hinder UD toilet adoption in communities. This dissertation provides an overview of the basics of the importance of community participation in a community project. The dissertation concludes by highlighting recommendations on beneficiary education programs in promoting proper use and adoption of UD toilet technology as a fundamental component in planning for the implementation and post-implementation of UD toilets.