Exploring the relationship between psychological capital, subjective well being and performance of professional nurses within Uthungulu District Municipality in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mbatha, Fidelia Ntombifuthi.
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Psychological Capital has equal importance in the productivity of an organization as those of other important aspects such as finance, human and social capital (Hodges 2010). With regard to South African situation, it remains a matter of study and analysis to conclude if positive outcomes can be achieved through psychological capital factors such as hope, optimism, self- efficacy and resilience. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between resilience, hope, self- efficacy and optimism; as well as subjective well-being and performance in public health institutions. A cross sectional survey was used for the study with a questionnaire as an instrument for collecting data. Data was gathered in the public hospitals and clinics in the district of Uthungulu KwaZulu-Natal. A sample of (n=100) professional nurses was obtained comprising 28 males and 72 females. The questionnaire was divided into four parts: (i) Biographical Data,(ii) PsyCap Questionnaire (PCQ 12), (iii) Employee Performance Measure (Self- Report Version) and (iv) Satisfaction with Life Scale. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, graphs and correlations in SPSS. The results suggest that nurses in public health hospitals and clinics have high levels of psychological capital components. The main findings of this study indicated that there is a significant relationship between psychological capital and performance, as well as subjective well- being. The results also revealed that PsyCap was a significant predictor of Performance and Subjective well-being. High PsyCap nurses reported higher Performance and Subjective well-being than nurses with lower levels of PsyCap.