Effects of intermodal transportation networks on the inbound and outbound Durban containerisation.
The use of containers can be noted to focus entirely on the transportation of shipments with the use of intermodal networks. Those intermodal transportation networks commonly utilise inbound (sea networks) and outbound (road networks) frameworks. The structural design of the Durban Port facilitates movement and creates a transitional configuration of networks to function. The objectives of this study aim to understand the effects of capacity constraints on transitional inbound and outbound containerisation within the Durban harbour intermodal networks. It further attempts to establish the intermodal relationship of containerisation between the transitional shipping and road freight transportation networks. Finally, to examine the role of the Durban Port customs system in cargo clearing and forwarding processes. The nature of this study will be triangulation where both qualitative and quantitative studies are being used. The current logistical system in Durban has negatively impacted the transportation sector. Therefore, there is a need for developmental and strategic approaches to ensure that infrastructure is maintained and improved to accommodate the increase in international trade. The factors contributing to containerisation in relation to transitional transportation networks can create negative elemental designs, especially with the increase in global trade. Overweight containers can lead to mishandling and incorrect stowage capabilities on board shipping vessels. Deficiencies in technological systems such as the newly introduced NAVIS SPARCS increase the chances of longer standing time and cargo dwelling time. These systems were meant to streamline the movement of cargo from inbound to outbound; instead, there have been significant capacity constraints. Such constraints experienced at the Durban Port have led to congestion that has weakened business development. Delivery and cycle time have lengthened, resulting in inefficient service delivery on the part of facilitators and forwarding agents. The outbound transportation networks have struggled to maintain efficient and effective delivery time and service status due to their inability to facilitate the timeous movement of containers through customs for final delivery.
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