Psychological capital, subjective wellbeing, organisational virtuousness and organisational citizenship behaviour amongst teachers.
The current study aimed to explore the aspects of Psychological Capital (PsyCap), Subjective Wellbeing and Organisational Virtuousness in the attempt to explain how it may influence Organisational Citizenship Behaviour amongst teachers within the Durban region of Kwa-Zulu Natal. The general objective of this research study was to explore the relationship between PsyCap, Subjective Wellbeing, Organisational Virtuousness and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour. The study used a quantitative research design and was conducted using the Positive Psychology framework. This study made use of the Broaden and Build Theory of Positive Emotions as well as the Self-Determination Theory as its theoretical framework. The study took the form of a cross sectional survey design with a convenience sample (n=110) that were taken of educators across four educational institutions in the Durban region. The data was collected with the use of six questionnaires. The Biographical Questionnaire; Psychological Capital Questionnaire; Satisfaction with Life Scale; Orientation to Happiness Scale; Perceptions of Organisational Virtuousness Questionnaire and the Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Questionnaire were administered to the participants. Data analysis included descriptive and inferential statistics which was conducted on the statistical program SPSS 21. The results confirmed that there were statistically and practically significant relationships between PsyCap, Subjective Wellbeing, Organisational Virtuousness and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour. Secondly, the results of the study indicated that subjective wellbeing, PsyCap and resilience predict organisational citizenship behaviour. Lastly, the results of the study indicated that male and female teachers do not differ in their experiences of PsyCap, subjective wellbeing, organisational virtuousness and organisational citizenship behaviour. The present study is limited in the following ways: Firstly, this study used a cross-sectional research design as opposed to a longitudinal research design. Therefore, the results of this study cannot determine causality between the variables. Lastly, the data came from self-reported questionnaires. This can affect the reliability and validity of the data because the participants may have answered the questions to reflect more socially acceptable responses. Although this study has limitations, it acts as a starting point for research on the positive psychology perspective on the constructs of PsyCap, subjective wellbeing, organisational virtuousness and organisational citizenship behaviour. As a recommendation, this research study explores the relationship between PsyCap, subjective wellbeing, organisational virtuousness and organisational citizenship behaviour, however there has been no research conducted on these constructs together. Thus there is a need for research to be conducted to link these constructs. More research needs to be conducted on organisational virtuousness since it is a relatively new construct within the positive psychology paradigm.
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