Care for the elderly through meaningful architecture : a proposed intergenerational mixed-use development.
This research document focuses on care for the elderly that can be fostered through meaningful architecture. It identifies and analyses the manner architecture can be used as a platform to promote care for the elderly. The study goes beyond the findings related to pragmatic issues, such as grab rails and accessibility ramps, but seeks to comprehensively address the social and behavioural needs of the elderly. Architectural elements and design factors are focused upon to design an optimal composition to achieve an effective environment that comprehensively addresses the needs of the elderly and concurrently that of the wider public. The final outcome is the design of a development that promotes care for elderly. However, such a development may only be worthy of contributing to such a cause if the architecture it presents is meaningful to its occupants. The dissertation draws upon theories related to ageing, social integration and meaningful architecture. It explores two fundamental facets of ageing. It unpacks the physical and social impacts of ageing. It presents various needs and issues related to the elderly to inform the architectural approach that is required to promote care for the elderly. The architectural requirements of an environment that fosters care for the elderly is presented by various concepts that are linked to the overarching theories that define the discourse. Pertinent precedent studies that represent a modern and up to date approach to addressing the needs of the elderly are used to exhibit the manner the application of theory has been implemented in the built environment. Similarly, relatable case studies are discussed and evaluated on the premise of the issues that have been discussed throughout the literature review. Lastly, the primary and secondary data is tested against one another to establish correlations and variance and conclusions and recommendations are presented to define the design criteria, principles and guidelines for architecture that promotes care for the elderly. These concepts are exhibited in the built form through the design of a model building.