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dc.contributor.advisorMcInerney, Patricia A.
dc.contributor.advisorMtshali, Ntombifikile Gloria.
dc.creatorKamphinda-Banda, Mary Malata.
dc.date.created2009
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10413/1124
dc.descriptionThesis (M.A.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2009.en_US
dc.description.abstractDespite the availability, accessibility and affordability of cervical cancer screening (CCS) in Malawi, many women do not utilize the CCS services. This research was conducted in Blantyre district, Malawi. The main objective of the study was to identify factors that act as barriers to the uptake of cervical cancer screening programs among urban and rural women in the Blantyre district of Malawi. A quantitative design was used and convenience sampling was applied in selecting a sample of 196 women from the population of women aged 18 and over in two Reproductive Health clinics, one urban clinic at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital and one rural clinic at Mlambe hospital in Blantyre district, Malawi. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. The questionnaire was translated from English into the local Chichewa language so that respondents were interviewed and responded in a language that they were able to comprehend. Analysis and discussion of findings are presented in five sections. Data were processed into numeric values using SPSS version 15.0 and Microsoft Excel to give meaning to the findings of the study. In order to test for statistically significant associations between variables, the Pearson correlation was applied. The study revealed that the main barrier to CCS was that women lack knowledge and information about cervical cancer and there is a lack of publicity about CCS services. Lack of knowledge was found in relation to - risk factors, prevention of, detection of and benefits of cervical cancer screening with a greater knowledge deficit being found in the rural women. Higher levels of education in both the urban and rural groups did not have a positive influence on the screening behaviours of the women. Commencing sexual intercourse at ages 15 to 19 years and having multiple sexual partners were the main risk factors to cervical cancer among the women in the study. It was also found that although rural women perceived themselves being very likely to be at risk of cervical cancer, this perception did not translate into CCS behaviour. v
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectMedical screening--Malawi.en_US
dc.subjectCervix uteri--Cancer--Diagnosis.en_US
dc.subjectCervic uteri--Cancer--Malawi--Diagnosis.en_US
dc.subjectTheses--Nursing.en_US
dc.titleBarriers to cervical cancer screening programs among urban and rural women in Blantyre district, Malawi.en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US


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