Land reform in South Africa : a general overview and critique.
This study aims to synthesise the land reform programme in South Africa in terms of its multifaceted political and legal policy origins, arrangements and the implementation thereof, with due regard to the international lessons and experiences. The political aspects of the process are given due consideration as they are often linked to the socio--economic aspects of the land reform process. The fact is that the South African government's attempts at land reform have thus far failed to live up to expectations. This study proposes equity-sharing schemes in general and farm worker equity-share schemes in particular as viable modes of land redistribution. There is also a particular focus on the appropriate institutional environment, which is required for a successful and sustainable transfer of ownership and control. Furthermore, the government needs to provide extensive support for the rural poor who have been to a large extent rationed out from the current land reform process. Ultimately, it is conceded that for the next decade at least the targeted beneficiaries of the land reform programme in South Africa that is, "the rural poor, women, and the landless", will have to wait, as has been the case for many developing nations, to receive what will probably be a very small gain, in terms of what was promised and expected after political freedom was attained in 1994.