Development of thermal energy storage and cooker module for the integrated solar energy project.
Sulaiman, Abdulsalam S. A.
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Large percentages of the South African population have no access to grid power and are located at distances that make provision for such facility uneconomical. Also traditional fuels are under pressure. Most areas in South Africa receive 300 days of sunshine per year. The proposed solar system addresses the needs of such communities. A solar thermal energy storage system utilizing phase change material has been proposed that can overcome the time mismatch between solar availability and demand. The system consists of two types of thermal heat storage. The latent heat storage used Phase Change Materials (PCM) which melts at a sufficiently high temperature for cooking a variety of food types. By choosing a suitable PCM to take advantage of the latent heat absorbed during phase changes. Heat losses from both the latent heat storage and condenser are captured in the surrounding sensible heat store. The objective of this project to develop a prototype modules which together as a system could provide the essential domestic power requirements of the target groups. This includes power for cooking, hot water and in addition a limited electrical power supply for the system itself as well as for other minor loads.