Towards marker assisted selection for nematode resistance in soybean.
Mienie, Charlotte Maria Susanna.
MetadataShow full item record
Meloidogyne javanica is the most widely spread nematode pest on soybean in South Africa. Only a few registered cultivars have some resistance to this nematode and there is an urgent need for an efficient breeding programme for resistant cultivars of all maturity groups. However, breeding is hampered by laborious screening procedures for selection of resistant lines. The objective of this study was to develop an economically viable molecular marker system for application in selection procedures. Three techniques of marker identification were investigated, i.e. RAPD, RFLP and AFLP analysis. The RAPD technique proved to be applicable in fingerprinting soybean varieties, but was too sensitive for interplant variation to be used as an efficient system for identification of molecular markers linked to nematode resistance. Both RFLP and AFLP screening identified markers linked to gall index variation in a segregating population of 60 F₂ progeny from across between a resistant cultivar, Gazelle, and a highly susceptible variety, Prima. A codominant RFLP marker( B212) was linked significantly to resistance and explained 62% of the variation in gall index. Seven AFLP markers were linked significantly to the resistance trait, of which four were linked in repulsion phase and three in coupling phase. All seven AFLP markers mapped to LG-F on the public soybean molecular map. The QTL for resistance mapped between markers E-ACC/M-CTC2 linked in coupling phase, 8212 and E-AAC/M-CAT1, linked in repulsion phase. These two AFLP markers bracketing the major resistance QTL were successfully converted to SCARs. Marker E-ACC/M-CTC2 was converted to a codominant SCAR marker SOJA6, which acounted for 41% of variation in gall index in the mapping population. Marker E-AAC/M-CAT1 was converted to a dominant SCAR marker (SOJA7) and explained 42% of gall index variation in the mapping population. These two markers mapped approximately 3.8 cM and 2.4 cM respectively from the resistance QTL. This study represents the first report of the development of PCR-based sequence specific markers linked to resistance to M. javanica in soybean.